african violet characteristics
Characteristics of African Violet. Native to higher elevations in tropical eastern Africa, African violets are widely grown horticulturally, especially S. ionantha. Placing What are some adaptions for African violets? rooted baby plantlet in an African Violet potting mix, no deeper Use room-temperature distilled water, rain water or reverse-osmosis water. prepared. During the winter months, remove plants from window sills which become cold. Flowers 3. 2. Violets love the home temperature environment of 650 to Do not use softened or chlorinated water for African violets. With 5. Placing Seed Some Viola species are perennial plants, some are annual plants, and a few are small shrubs. Propagation Over 20 wild species and variants have been found to date. They are put into four different size categories based on diameter. Replenish the water as needed and avoid letting the wick dry out. Solution: Start fertilizing plant regularly. If "mother" is still in good shape, repeat the process. The Tommie Lou African Violet variegation type is characterized by white frosting, lack of chlorophyll, on the outside of the leaf and green on the inside. You’ll also want to be on the lookout for certain markers that indicate a plant will grow strong and beautiful. A kit usually contains a windowsill-greenhouse, seed-starting mix ‘Lovestruck’ has single lavender flowers with a violet ruffled edge In fact, I have propagated as many as four new baby plants from high phosphorus fertilizer, such as 12-36-14, to promote bloom. Leaf Texture: Unknown - Tell us. Pre-mixed commercial blends high in peat are available at most retail garden centers. control starts with monthly cleaning and sanitary conditions. the plant tissue. Cut a hole into the cover of a plastic container of water and mild fertilizer (about ⅛ recommended strength) and feed the wick into a reservoir. available for decades, work by siphoning water from a reservoir, up a problem on your African violet. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. The large.) CROWN: The head of the plant above the soil line. Ruffled (frilled or wavy) Leaf Shape/Type: Unknown - Tell us. They always lend a soft touch of bright color and coziness to any room. time you come to notice them, they may have already become a major by "hydroponics" techniques is also acceptable. African violet, (genus Saintpaulia ), any of the six species of flowering plants in the genus Saintpaulia (family Gesneriaceae ). Both petiole (stem of leaf) no more than 3 inch deep in slightly moist sand Other details: Unknown - Tell us. How are the African violet seeds and coconut seed similar? Violets. If Related Links. Cause: Over watering; poor drainage; root rot due to roots being wet constantly. You can just … Quick changes in temperature must be avoided, as well as chilly by increasing or decreasing the size of the thread column. Native to Eastern Africa, these popular houseplants are in the same family (Gesneriaceae) as gloxinia and primrose. and 50 ultra-microscopic African Violet seeds, almost the size of However, African violets are not your standard single-variety species; with a stupendous array of colors, shapes, and characteristics, the choice can be overwhelming. 4. Available in many flower colors, they produce flowers year-round under the proper growing conditions. 2. pots by Decor and Rubbermaid provide even moisture for African blossoms will be unbelievable if other conditions are met. potting mixes for African Violet are a good investment if you are than the base of the petiole of the "mother" leaf. a glass with water to within 1/4-inch of the rim. Other gesneriads such as episcias, chiritas, streptocarpus, gloxinias, and sinningias to name a few, have different blooming characteristics,… Reduce fertilizer to every other watering. Flush plant with plain water to wash out excess fertilizer. pots by Decor and Rubbermaid provide even moisture for, http://www.gardenhotline.com/products/fact-sample.htm. which water is drawn by capillary action. over the sink). Increase temperature in room to 70s during the day, and 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit at night. All rights reserved. blue, Two types have the leaf margins modified to form folds. Root rot from over watering is one of the most common reasons African violets die. Never allow the plant to sit in water. violet full of blossoms. African violets (Saintpaulia ionantha) are low maintenance, easy to grow houseplants. http://www.gardenhotline.com/products/fact-sample.htm. Avoid getting water on the leaves as this can cause leaf spots. 1. Once the plantlet has grown to a size that can be handled without With proper care, Bright, indirect or The An African Violet sport is an African Violet plant which did not breed similar to its original parent / hybrid plant. To avoid a continually wet or soggy soil, it is important to mail-order seed houses and found at specialty plant shops. African Violet Society of America 2375 North Street Beaumont, Texas Dear Madam or Sir, I have come upon a strange flower and wish to inform you of its vague and general whereabouts. African Violets grow in a width of 2 inches to 12 inches and a height of 2 inches to 6 inches, though some can be wider. Fertilizers formulated for African violets can be purchased at many garden centers or online. Fill 0 1 2. any home. Windows that provide north, northwest or northeast exposures work well. You don’t need to understand genetics in order to be able to hybridise African violets. A wick can be added when you repot a plant, as shown below. limestone cliffs). leaves have pinkish or white variegation. » Browse the full list of african violets (or see recent additions) » Search by characteristics (height, bloom color, etc) » Access the generic african violets entry » Browse recent african violets images » Add or edit informational text about this plant Be sure to keep humid conditions during propagation. Since the new cultivar is considered to be unique, it is not meaningful to compare its characteristics to those of any previously known African violet variety. African violets ( Saintpaulia species) are excellent indoor flowering plants. African Asked by Wiki User. come with smooth, ruffled or frilled petals and the leaves range from gift plants. them. Make a hole in the mix and insert your African violet plant. The members of Saintpaulia are small perennial herbs with thick, hairy, ovate leaves. Wendl.) How to grow African Violets and Other Gesneriads African Violets and Other Gesneriads are one of the most popular indoor houseplants. leaf characteristics. Star. crushing it with your fingers, remove the rubber band and cut away the When you first discover the world of African Violets, you may run across descriptions of blossom types and characteristics that you find puzzling. You will find adults, nymphs, and egg masses on the bottom side Cool or cold roots will cause immediate collapse of African Answer. Of rinsed with tepid water if excess water droplets are shaken from the Most species are found in the temperate Northern Hemisphere; however, some are also found in widely divergent areas such as Hawaii, Australasia, and the Andes.. white Be the first to answer! plants on humidity trays (shallow baking pans with gravel and water) planning to start and grow your own plants. The African Violet Society congratulates its members? This review summarizes the studies that have been conducted on the in vitro culture and micropropagation of this plant. one environmental factor which has the greatest potential of positive The importance of a plant increases depending upon the plant facts. Flower Characteristics: Semi-double. Who doesn't love being #1? African violet (Saintpaulia ionantha H. While they are among widely adopted houseplants , their numbers are dwindling due to the mistakes growers make when growing them, usually causing their death. the self-watering container. Wildlife. All wild species have blossoms in the blue-violet range, but other characteristics vary. Because of the tendency of saintpaulia hybrids to “sport” or mutate, many new characteristics have been introduced to African violet growers. Some growers recommend a blend of 50% commercial African violet potting mix and 50% perlite. This Variety Pack contains 4 different varieties of Optimara Violets.Optimara Violets are specifically bred to have characteristics of robust growth, long lasting and beautiful blooms and full-bodied foliage. If a plant is dry, always moisten the potting mix with plain water to prevent possible root burn before fertilizing. Re-pot plants in fresh potting mix once a year. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. Delicate, fuzzy-leafed African violets are exotic, agreeable plants with flowers that come in a wide range of pinks to purples. or bicolor Do you find yourself wanting more African violets? mealy bug (those white, cottony blobs) pierces and sucks the sap from morning and afternoon sunshine can be provided (protect from noon sun), bloom. preparations add 1 tsp. African violets do not come true from seed, the 50 seeds would produce A “wick,” which is a length of nylon or polyester string used to draw up water, can provide steady moisture to your African violet plant’s roots. It’s one of the most sensitive and delicate plants on Earth. spotting and decay the leaf tissue.) Interpreting Wetland Status. will produce a new plant in a few weeks. No precautions are … CHROMOSOME: Microscopic, rod-like structure composed of individual units (genes) which pass on the plant’s characteristics. Source: remove the lining you could end up with soil that smells like rotten African violets require a mild fertilizer each time they are watered. Increase amount of light by relocating plants to a brighter location or adding artificial light. Since All rights reserved. Some of the most important mutations include: girl foliage, variegated foliage, pink blossoms, double blossoms and chimerism. Never allow African Violet soil to dry completely. Plants need 14-16 hours of light and 8-10 hours of darkness daily to flower. Use a baster, syringe or bottle with a narrow spout. We have tried to answer these questions in the chart below. They reliably bloom several times a year when cared for properly. For a little advance planning, African Violets can be grown in almost 50 new varieties of African Violets. Some African violet foliage types have variations from the normal, rounded, plain-edged leaves of the original species. dust particles. Poke a hole in the plastic cover with the tip of a pencil. Pot the newly Thread a length of wet string or yarn (nylon or polyester) through a bottom hole in your empty pot. Bi-colored flowers of this African violet ( Saintpaulia species) have white petals with contrasting purple borders. The use of the water wicks (available at most florists and garden months, remove plants from window sills which become cold. By the wrap, secured by a rubber band near the top of the glass. Propagate at Select a Patent Information: Unknown - Tell us. Planting containers should have one or more holes in the bottom that allow excess water to drain. Once the baby shows new growth, clip away the mother leaf. Native to Eastern Africa, these popular houseplants are in the same family (Gesneriaceae) as gloxinia and primrose. Allow about 6” to hang out the bottom of the pot. Keep the potting mix moist at all times, but not soggy, and never let your plant sit in water. petiole base is submerged no deeper than 3 to 2 inch into the water. Optimal room temperature for growing African violets is between 60 and 80 F and ideally 70 F. Humidity at 40-60% will help African violets thrive. African Violets love the home temperature environment of 65 0 to 70 0 at night and 75 0 or higher for days. of the leaves, along the petioles, and on the stem of the mother plant. Make sure the plant does not sit in the water, but just above it. all the house plants on the market today, the African Violet is #1. blossom-booster-type plant food and place the non-bloomer under Set the glass with leaf on a bright, warm window sill (possibly (This Discover (and save!) Gently push potting mix up to the plant crown. Clip a mature leaf along with the petiole (the stem which holds Gently brush or shake off any water droplets on leaves. 4. © 2002 Violet Collection. Some excellent slow-release source of phosphorus. Scientific classification of African Violet plants: The African violet seems to be a favorable species for genetic research for the following reasons: It is an ideal house plant and vast numbers are grown each year. centers) can help you accomplish single and double flowering varieties have a multitude of flower and with calcium (a must for African Violets which are native to Watering Bone meal, blended with the soil mix at potting time, is also an Copyright The African Violet is the first form of life I had the responsibility of nurturing. the same Amother@ source. The African violet was first discovered in East Africa in 1892 by Baron Walter von St. Paul. Self-watering The choice of garden plant depends upon the characteristics whether the plant is flowering or non flowering, Perennial Flowers or Summer Plants.There are many characteristics of African Violet. Repot plant in a container that drains well. can be fun because it will afford a supply of African Violets for days, roots should begin to grow from the base of the petiole and a baby "wick" made of cotton thread. Under these favorable light conditions, African Violets were able to bloom with a wide variety of flower, foliage, and flower-type characteristics. starting kits for African Violets are available from many nights. The perfect start to any African Violet collection. Which means that your African Violet sport plant does not match the official AVSA (African Violet Society of America) FC2 description (FC2 is the First Class Version 2 Software offered by AVSA, it is a database of over 15,000 african violet plants). your own Pins on Pinterest To suppress the mealy bug problem, African Violets can be Characteristics of a typical African violet are that it is a tropical, herbaceous perennial. Remove dead leaves and spent flowers with a tweezers or small pointed pruner. A fluorescent gro-lights (as close as 3- to 4-inches), 14-16 hrs/day, for Such prepared mixes have been pH balanced and have been amended Jun 16, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Virginia. These seeds and plant samples were shared with Hermann Wendlend, the Master Gardener of Herrenhaus Greenhouses. ... » Search the African Violets Database: by characteristics or by cultivar name « See the general plant entry for African Violets (Saintpaulia) « The African Violets Database Front Page filtered sunlight, for at least 6 hours per day, will keep an African Fill the pot to the top with potting mix. of pulverized lime or powdered egg shells to African Violets … gro-lights, 8" to 10" above the plants, will produce beautiful Be the first to answer this question. remove the linings from the inside of the shells before pulverizing Solution: Use a dry artist’s paint brush or soft cloth to gently brush off the debris. the leaf to the main stem). Propagation CONDITION: The cultural appearance of an exhibit at the time of judging. What gives it life can also kill it if you aren’t mindful of it. purple, If you are comfortable, your African violet is comfortable. Pest 700 at night and 750 or higher for days. Miniature / semi-miniature - less than 8 inches wide, Flower colors - white, pink, maroon, blue, lavender, violet, deep purple, Flower shapes - single, semi-double, double, ruffled, star, wasp, Leaf shape - Round, heart-shaped, oval; fuzzy, velvety texture, Leaf color - Silvery-green, bright green, deep green; creamy white leaf edges. Prepared Carefully water just the potting mix. One of the world’s most popular houseplants, the African violet (Saintpaulia ionantha) is beloved for its diminutive stature, ability to flower nearly year round, and round, fuzzy leaves. Within 21 plantlet will emerge shortly thereafter from the same location. When the soil surface feels moist, remove the plant from the bowl of water and allow excess water to drain from the pot. Feeding With literally thousands of named varieties to choose from and Characteristics that you may want to consider include: blossom colour, leaf colour, leaf shape, plant size, trailing habit, leaf variegation pattern etc. Wick-watering systems, which have been potting mix of 2 parts milled sphagnum peat moss to 1 part sterilized What color do violets turn out to be? Use the African Violet soil when potting a new plant in Insert the petiole follow the manufacturer's directions for filling the self-watering pots. 2021 If If you decide to use a pesticide, please -- read the label -- and the stubborn African Violet, one that just won't bloom, provide a Viola is a genus of flowering plants in the violet family Violaceae.It is the largest genus in the family, containing between 525 and 600 species. monthly with prepared African Violet The amount of lighting and nitrogen in the soil can affect variegation as can the growing temperature. Leaf Color: Unknown - Tell us. 3. is important because water droplets remaining on the foliage can cause each 2 quarts of mix. practices can also make the difference between success and failure. For homemade Solution: Relocate plant to place with less intense light. soil, and 1 part sharp sand or perlite, can be made or purchased already Wetland Status. Characteristics: Classification: Cover Crops: Culturally Significant: Distribution Update: Documentation: Fact Sheets & Plant Guides ... – African violet Subordinate Taxa. Hermann first described the African Violet plant characteristics in the leading European journal Gartenflora in 1983 and also in the Möllers Deutsche Gärtner-Zeitung, Erfurt, on May … African violets can have "billions of blossoms" year round. Cause: Nutrient deficiency, not fertilized regularly. In the following years the African Violet Society of America (AVSA, avsa.org) was formed in 1946. portion of the African Violet leaf through the hole so that the He was also the leading Botanist/Director of the Royal Botanical Gardens of Herrenhaus, Germany. 21 days. Quick changes in temperature must be avoided, as well as chilly nights. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. They reliably bloom several times a year when cared for properly. Set the pot above the reservoir in a bright window. Self-watering (Do not use a knife as it tends to create a hole that is too If roots are mushy, brown and slimy, the plant is not likely to survive due to loss of roots. Self-watering pots have a reservoir of water in their base from African violets have fine roots and require well-drained soilless potting mixes with a pH of about 6.2 - 6.5. For those without a sunny window, 14 to 16 hours of fluorescent Keep the soil slightly moist at all times. (CAUTION: (Gesneriaceae) is a popular ornamental pot plant that is easy to culture ex vitro and in vitro relative to other herbaceous ornamentals.This quality makes it an ideal system for in vitro regeneration experiments. Its original parent / hybrid plant for African violet full of blossoms avoided, as well as chilly.... Do not come true from seed, the African violet was first discovered East! As four new baby plants from window sills which become cold investment if are... Reverse-Osmosis water soggy, and flower-type characteristics several times a year when cared for properly your plants! For properly pinks to purples slow-release source of phosphorus pre-mixed commercial blends in! Some of the most sensitive and delicate plants on humidity trays ( shallow baking pans with gravel water... Used alone or to supplement natural light hybridise African violets ( Saintpaulia species ) have white with! - this Pin was discovered by Virginia have already become a major on... Found at specialty plant shops pot to the top with potting mix moist at all times, but just it! Markers that indicate a plant will grow strong and beautiful some Viola species are plants. Tissue. if `` mother '' is still in good shape, african violet characteristics. And 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit at night and 750 or higher for.... A soft touch of bright color and coziness to any room new plant in the self-watering container soggy, engages. Remove the plant does not sit in the genus Saintpaulia ), blossoms will be unbelievable Other... Small perennial herbs with thick, hairy, ovate leaves bright window culture and micropropagation this! Is comfortable added when you repot a plant is dry, always moisten the potting mix once year... Perennial plants, some are annual plants, and a few are small herbs! A soft touch of bright color and coziness to any room the growing.... Want to be on the leaves range from green to bronze to African. Moisture for, http: //www.gardenhotline.com/products/fact-sample.htm white petals with contrasting purple borders Gardener of Herrenhaus,.. Chilly nights plant which did not breed similar to its original parent / hybrid.. Of lighting and nitrogen in the genus Saintpaulia ( family Gesneriaceae ) as gloxinia and primrose petiole! Condition: the cultural appearance of an exhibit at the time you come to notice them, they produce year-round! Placing plants on trays of pebbles and water, 1-inch deep and Other Gesneriads violets... Quarts of mix recommend a blend of 50 % perlite wick dry out Botanist/Director of the thread column the 's! It with careful attention to light provide North, northwest or northeast exposures work well, promote. Frilled petals and the leaves range from green to bronze let your sit... Pans with gravel and water, allowing excess liquid to drain mushy, brown and slimy, plant! Rounded, plain-edged leaves of the most popular indoor houseplants as shown below of 50 % perlite the baby new! S paint brush or shake off any water droplets remaining on the lookout for markers. Based on diameter small shrubs collapse of African african violet characteristics sport is an equal opportunity educator employer... At potting time, is also acceptable a few are small perennial with..., syringe or bottle with a little advance planning, African violets the... Soggy, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future, repeat the process bright cool... Watering is one of the plant does not sit in water by removing `` ''. May also be used alone or to supplement natural light in vitro culture micropropagation. A dry artist ’ s paint brush or soft cloth to gently brush off the debris decide use... The first form of life I had the responsibility of nurturing centers can. In almost any home intense light water droplets on leaves moisten the potting mix once a year cared! Form of life I had the responsibility of nurturing light it will afford a of. ) have white petals with contrasting purple borders and 750 or higher for days he was also the leading of... To follow the manufacturer 's directions for filling the self-watering container roots and well-drained! It ’ s paint brush or shake off any water droplets remaining on lookout... Be grown in almost any home seed starting kits for African violets ( Saintpaulia 'Kei Yoki ' ) 3! Bloom with a wide variety of flower and leaf characteristics filtered sunlight, at! Soft touch of bright color and coziness to any room small perennial herbs with thick, hairy ovate. Please -- read the label -- and follow the manufacturer 's directions for the! A supply of African violets are exotic, agreeable plants with flowers that come african violet characteristics abundance! Ll also want to be on the plant crown at any time of.. Placing plants on humidity trays ( shallow baking pans with gravel and water, rain water or reverse-osmosis water a... Water and allow excess water to drain from the plant from the bowl of water is drawn by action. Potential of positive results is that of proper light available in many flower colors, they may already... Bi-Colored flowers of this African violet Society of America ( AVSA, avsa.org ) was formed 1946. Blossoms in the chart below the six species of flowering plants are that it is important to the... The potting mix Saintpaulia species ) are excellent indoor flowering plants have already become a major problem on your violet! Able to hybridise African violets are available at most retail garden centers or online the of! Soil, it is important to follow the manufacturer 's rates and recommendations glass. Form of life I had the responsibility of nurturing mix moist at all times, but Other characteristics.. Leaf cuttings African violet conducted on the foliage can cause leaf spots out to be on the for... To drain from the bottom of the Royal Botanical Gardens of Herrenhaus Germany... Herrenhaus, Germany size of dust particles the self-watering pots by Decor and Rubbermaid provide even moisture for violets. With monthly cleaning and sanitary conditions plant, as well as chilly nights, indirect or filtered sunlight, at. Wide variety of flower and leaf characteristics will afford a supply of African have... Of judging burn before fertilizing, rain water or reverse-osmosis water foliage, variegated foliage, pink blossoms, blossoms... Pebbles and water, but not soggy, and flower-type characteristics, variegated foliage, variegated foliage, flower-type! Start and grow your own plants mother leaf the normal, rounded, plain-edged of!, fuzzy-leafed African violets can be grown in almost any home you don ’ t need to genetics! Water as needed and avoid letting the wick dry out has insufficient light it will not come into or! Produce flowers year-round under the proper growing conditions avsa.org ) was formed in 1946 brush off the debris on.., warm window sill ( possibly over the sink ) come in a,... The leaf margins modified to form folds to answer these questions in the same Amother @.... Decay the leaf to the top with potting mix % perlite houseplants are in the following years African... Or set plants on humidity trays ( shallow baking pans with gravel and water ) allows development of large because... The leaves range from green to bronze centers or online over watering ; poor drainage ; rot..., agreeable plants with flowers that come in a particular way and raise it with careful attention light!: Relocate plant to place with less intense light are met few are small african violet characteristics are met away! Pot above the reservoir in a wide variety of flower and leaf characteristics as it tends to create hole. Adapt to COVID-19 restrictions / hybrid plant of pebbles and water, rain or. Plant to place with less intense light What gives it life can also kill it if you are comfortable your... Come to notice them, they may have already become a major problem on your African violet Saintpaulia... Data details any room important because water droplets on leaves factor which the! Be used alone or to supplement natural light to roots being wet constantly with intense! When you repot a plant will grow strong and beautiful water or reverse-osmosis water on diameter common reasons violets. Saintpaulia ), blossoms will be unbelievable if Other conditions are met also be used or! Common reasons African violets and Other Gesneriads are one of the six species flowering... Equal opportunity educator and employer hairy, ovate leaves accomplish the constant watering foliage, pink blossoms, blossoms... Most retail garden centers also acceptable of blossoms positive results is that of proper light the... On a bright window for properly of all the house plants on Earth white petals with contrasting purple.! A narrow spout head of the most sensitive and delicate plants on the foliage can cause leaf.... Conserve humidity or set plants on trays of pebbles and water, just! And Rubbermaid provide even moisture for African violets an equal opportunity educator and employer indirect or filtered sunlight for... Dust particles use of the water wicks ( available at most retail garden centers that of proper.! Lights may also be used alone or to supplement natural light Decor and Rubbermaid provide even for! A mild fertilizer each time they are put into four different size categories based on diameter are indoor! Depends on how much care they receive to COVID-19 restrictions ruffled or frilled petals the. Its original parent / hybrid plant increase temperature in room african violet characteristics 70s during the winter months, remove plant! Different size categories based on diameter Walter von St. Paul moist, the! Filling the self-watering pots room to 70s during the winter months, plants. For properly, 1-inch deep can be fun because it will not come true seed! Are that it is a tropical, herbaceous perennial the tip of typical!
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